Tips for Kayaking Solo

Just go with the flow...


Kayaking solo is an exhilarating and rewarding experience that offers a sense of freedom and adventure. It allows you to challenge yourself, enjoy the serenity of nature, and connect with the outdoors. However, going it alone also means taking extra precautions and being well-prepared to ensure your safety. In this article, we’ll cover essential tips for kayaking solo, including choosing the right kayak, planning your trip, and staying safe on the water.

Choosing the Right Kayak for Solo Kayaking

The first step in solo kayaking is selecting the right kayak for your needs and preferences.

Sit-on-top vs. Sit-inside Kayaks

Sit-on-top kayaks are generally more user-friendly and easier to re-enter after a capsize, making them a popular choice for solo kayakers. Sit-inside kayaks, on the other hand, offer better protection from the elements and often have more storage space.

Kayak Length and Width

A shorter, wider kayak provides better stability and maneuverability, ideal for beginners and calm waters. Longer, narrower kayaks are faster and better suited for experienced kayakers or long-distance trips.

Kayak Stability

Consider a kayak with good primary stability (how stable it feels on flat water) and secondary stability (how well it resists tipping when leaning to one side). This will give you more confidence and control when paddling solo.

Essential Equipment for Solo Kayaking

Before setting out, make sure you have the necessary equipment to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.

Personal Flotation Device (PFD)

A PFD is an absolute must for any kayaking adventure. Choose a comfortable, well-fitted PFD designed for paddling.


Select a paddle that’s the appropriate length and weight for your size and strength. Lightweight paddles are easier to handle for long periods.

Dry Bags

Keep your belongings dry and organized by using dry bags to store items like clothing, electronics, and food.

Safety Whistle

A whistle is a simple but essential piece of safety equipment that can help you signal for help in case of an emergency.

Bilge Pump or Sponge

A bilge pump or sponge is useful for removing water from your kayak, especially in the case of a sit-inside kayak.

Planning Your Solo Kayaking Trip

Proper planning is crucial for a successful solo kayaking adventure. Here are some steps to follow:

Research Your Route

Before setting out, study your chosen route carefully. Gather information on the water conditions, currents, tides, and any potential hazards.

Check the Weather Forecast

Keep an eye on the weather forecast and be prepared to adjust your plans if necessary. Avoid heading out in adverse conditions, especially as a solo kayaker.

Familiarize Yourself with Local Regulations

Learn about any local rules and regulations regarding kayaking, such as permits, launch sites, and restricted areas.

Safety Tips for Solo Kayaking

Your safety should always be a priority when kayaking solo. Follow these tips to stay safe on the water:

Dress Appropriately

Wear clothing that’s suitable for the weather and water conditions. Opt for quick-drying, moisture-wicking materials, and dress in layers. Don’t forget a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen for sun protection.

Learn Basic Kayaking Skills

Before going solo, ensure you have a solid foundation in essential kayaking skills, including paddling techniques, capsize recovery and self-rescue methods.

Practice Self-Rescue Techniques

Since you’ll be alone, it’s crucial to know how to get back into your kayak if you capsize. Practice self-rescue techniques, such as re-entering from the water and using a paddle float.

Stay Close to Shore

Paddling near the shoreline is safer and makes it easier to seek help if needed. It also allows you to enjoy the scenery and wildlife.

Let Someone Know Your Plans

Inform a friend or family member of your planned route, expected return time, and any checkpoints along the way. This ensures someone knows where you are and can take action if you don’t return as planned.

Staying Energized and Hydrated

Pack plenty of water and snacks to maintain your energy levels and stay hydrated. Choose easy-to-eat, high-energy foods like granola bars, nuts, and dried fruits.

Navigation and Communication

Bring a waterproof map, compass, or GPS device to help you navigate your route. A fully charged mobile phone or a two-way radio can be useful for communication in case of emergencies.

Dealing with Wildlife Encounters

Respect the wildlife you encounter on your journey. Keep a safe distance and avoid feeding or disturbing them. Know how to respond to encounters with potentially dangerous animals like bears or alligators.

Leaving No Trace

Practice the principles of Leave No Trace to minimize your impact on the environment. Dispose of waste properly, pack out what you pack in, and respect wildlife and other kayakers.

Additional Solo Kayaking Tips

While we’ve covered essential tips for solo kayaking, here are a few more to help you get the most out of your adventure:

Pace Yourself

Paddling alone means you’ll need to manage your energy levels efficiently. Avoid overexerting yourself early in your journey, and take regular breaks to rest, hydrate, and refuel.

Stay Visible

To increase your visibility on the water, wear brightly colored clothing and use reflective tape on your paddle and kayak. This can help other boaters spot you more easily, reducing the risk of collisions.

Develop a Routine

Establish a routine for your solo kayaking trips, including regular safety checks, navigation updates, and hydration breaks. This will help you stay organized and focused on the journey.

Capture the Moment

Bring a waterproof camera or action camera to document your solo adventure. Capturing the highlights of your trip can serve as a reminder of your accomplishments and encourage you to continue exploring.

Learn from Other Kayakers

Join kayaking clubs, and online forums, or attend workshops to learn from fellow paddlers. Sharing experiences and advice can help you enhance your skills, stay motivated, and discover new destinations to explore.


Solo kayaking offers a unique opportunity to challenge yourself, find peace in nature, and experience the joy of paddling. By being well-prepared, following safety guidelines, and applying additional tips, you can make the most of your solo adventure. Remember to always respect the environment, wildlife, and fellow paddlers, and keep exploring the wonders that kayaking has to offer.


What type of kayak is best for solo kayaking?

Sit-on-top kayaks are generally more user-friendly for solo kayaking, but sit-inside kayaks offer better protection from the elements.

How can I stay safe while kayaking alone?

Learn basic kayaking skills, practice self-rescue techniques, stay close to shore, and let someone know your plans.

What should I pack for a solo kayaking trip?

Bring essential equipment like a PFD, paddle, dry bags, safety whistle, and bilge pump or sponge, as well as water, snacks, and appropriate clothing.

How do I deal with wildlife encounters while kayaking solo?

Keep a safe distance, avoid feeding or disturbing wildlife, and know how to respond to encounters with potentially dangerous animals.

How can I minimize my impact on the environment while kayaking?

Practice Leave No Trace principles by disposing of waste properly, packing out what you pack in, and respecting wildlife and other kayakers.